Timezone and "Z" parameter

The "Z" parameter and timezone information is only used in the XML API when exporting in CSV format. This only affects human-friendly Date & Time values in CSV exports. It does not have any affect when returning XML formatted data, nor any affect on any time-related input parameters.

Beginning in firmware v1.2, omitting the value of the "Z" parameter will cause the CSV output to use the locally configured timezone for human-friendly CSV Date & Time values (configured in Settings -> Date & Time). For this to work, the "Z" parameter must be passed, but with an empty value (e.g., egauge-show?n=60&m&c&Z=)

When using the XML API to request data in CSV format, the query string parameter "Z" is used to specify a timezone to format the Date & Time column in the CSV output. Omitting this parameter completely will cause the Date & Time column to output Unix Timestamps. Providing an invalid value is undefined, but may cause the Date & Time to output in UTC time in human-friendly format.

The format of this string is described under the environment variable TZ at https://pubs.opengroup.org/onlinepubs/009695399/basedefs/xbd_chap08.html. Examples of how to decode and write custom timezones can be found at the end of this page.

Common Timezones

US/Eastern LST5LDT4,M3.2.0/02:00,M11.1.0/02:00
US/Central LST6LDT5,M3.2.0/02:00,M11.1.0/02:00
US/Mountain LST7LDT6,M3.2.0/02:00,M11.1.0/02:00
US/Arizona LST7
US/Pacific LST8LDT7,M3.2.0/02:00,M11.1.0/02:00
US/Alaska LST9LDT8,M3.2.0/02:00,M11.1.0/02:00
US/Hawaii LST10
US/Baker Island LST-12
US/Samoa LST11
Australia/Central LST-10:30
Australia/Eastern LST-10LDT-11,M10.1.0/02:00,M4.1.0/03:00
Australia/Norfolk LST-12:30
Azores Islands LST1LDT0,M3.5.6/24:00,M10.5.0/01:00
Brazil LST3LDT2,M10.3.6/24:00,M2.5.6/24:00
Canada/Atlantic LST4LDT3,M3.2.0/02:00,M11.1.0/02:00
China/Beijing LST-8
Europe/Central LST-1LDT-2,M3.5.0/02:00,M10.5.0/03:00
Europe/Eastern LST-2LDT-3,M3.5.0/03:00,M10.5.0/04:00
Europe/Western LST0LDT-1,M3.5.0/01:00,M10.5.0/02:00
India LST-6:30
Iran LST-4:30LDT-5:30,M3.3.2/24:00,M9.3.4/24:00
Iraq/Baghdad LST-3
Kazakhstan/Astana LST-6
New Zealand LST-12LDT-13,M9.5.0/02:00,M4.1.0/03:00
Pakistan/Karachi LST-5
Russia/Moscow LST-4
Russia/Vladivostok LST-11
South Sandwich LST2
Thailand/Bangkok LST-7
Tokyo LST-9



Decoding and understanding timezone strings

In the timezone strings, "LST" and "DST" stand for "Local Standard Time" and "Daylight Standard Time", respectively.

For a full description of the timezone string format, see the environment variable TZ at https://pubs.opengroup.org/onlinepubs/009695399/basedefs/xbd_chap08.html.

The string is generally divided into 3 sections separated by commas. The first section describes the difference between UTC and local times. The second section describes when daylight time begins, and the third section describes when it ends.

The sections describing when daylight savings starts and ends is in the following format:


The d'th day (0 <= d <= 6) of week n of month m of the year (1 <= n <= 5, 1 <= m <= 12, where week 5 means "the last d day in month m" which may occur in either the fourth or the fifth week). Week 1 is the first week in which the d'th day occurs. Day zero is Sunday. t is the 24-hour time in which it occurs. If omitted, it defaults to 2:00 AM.


Timezone string: LST5LDT4,M3.2.0/02:00,M11.1.0/02:00

Each section, separated by commas, is described as such:

  • LST5LDT4 UTC is 5 hours after local standard time (LST5), and UTC is 4 hours after daylight savings time (LDT4)
  • M3.2.0/02:00 Daylight Saving Time starts in March (3) on the second week (2) on Sunday (0) at 2:00AM (2:00)
  • M11.1.0/02:00 Daylight Savings Time ends in November (11) on the first week (1) on Sunday (0) at 2:00AM (2:00)


Timezone string: LST10

UTC is 10 hours after local Hawaii time. Daylight savings time is not observed, so there is no LDT definition or additional sections.

New Zealand

Timezone string: LST-12LDT-13,M9.5.0/02:00,M4.1.0/03:00

Each section, separated by commas, is described as such:

  • LST-12LDT-13 UTC is 12 hours earlier than local standard time (LST-12), and UTC is 13 hours earlier than local daylight time (LDT-13)
  • M9.5.0/02:00 Daylight Saving Time starts in September (9) on the last week (5) on Sunday (0) at 2:00AM (2:00)
  • M4.1.0/03:00 Daylight Savings Time ends in April (4) on the first week (1) on Sunday (0) at 3:00AM (3:00)